Messinia, the land of the Olive Tree and of Olive
Euripides called Messinia “the land of the good fruit” for its beauty and its fertile rich earth. It yields the world famous Kalamata Olives and Kalamata Olive Oil.
However Messinia is also renown for its natural beauty with the indented shores, sandy beaches, forested mountains and fertile valleys, which coexist with significant archaeological
monuments and impressive Venetian fortresses.
People have lived in Messinia since the Neolithic age; however the Mycenaean age was indisputably the golden in Messinia’s history and Pylos was the second largest city after Mycenae. On 20th October 1827, the allied fleet fought at Navarino bay, against the combined Turkish and Egyptian fleet, which event essentially signalled the independence of the Peloponnese from the Turkish domination.
Greek history records the first inhabitants around 2,500 years B.C.
The region was rapidly developed into a significant financial and cultural center of the ancient Greek world. Its wealth, natural beauties and strategic location endowed its people with prosperity and, at the same time, attracting many conquerors.
Land of the Olive Tree
The olive tree, a sacred tree, has been cultivated in Messinia since the 12th century BC. Archaeological excavations in the palace of Nestor, the ancient king of Messinia, have brought to light evidence that show the enormous importance of the juice of the olive tree for the society of the time.
All of Messinia is a vast Olive Grove.
Messinia, yields the world famous Kalamata Olives and Kalamata Olive Oil, particularly the Messinia Olive Oil, a 100% pure and natural fruit juice of the highest quality and of unique nutritional
value, which has been ranked in the category of Extra Virgin Olive Oil after a series of chemical analysis. (source
Prefecture of Messinia
The Prefecture of Messinia has an area 2991 sq. Km. and occupies the southwestern part of the Peloponnese Region. To the north it borders with Ilia and east with the prefectures of Arcadia and Laconia, while to the west, south and a section in the east, the Ionian Sea and the Messinian Bay.
According to the 2001 census, its population rises to 176 876 inhabitants.
Following the recent administrative restructuring of all the prefectures of Greece in the context of the "Kallikrates", the Prefecture of Messinia is divided into the following 6 municipalities:
Kalamata, Messini, West Mani. Trifylia, Pylos-Nestor and Oihalia.